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南京大虐殺を中国は忘れない

© AFP 2021 / Str南京にて、南京大虐殺の犠牲者のメモリアル
南京にて、南京大虐殺の犠牲者のメモリアル - Sputnik 日本
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中国では南京事件の犠牲者を悼む慰霊祭が行われている。南京事件は20世紀に起きた最も大規模な殺戮の一つに数えられる。1937年12月13日、日本帝国軍は南京市を占領し、1か月間で34万人を殺戮した。2014年、中国国務院特別令によって12月13日は公式的に南京事件の犠牲者を悼む日として制定されている。

スプートニク日本

南京事件を目前にした12日、東京の靖国神社では2人の中国人が事件に対する抗議行動として「南京大虐殺を忘れるな」と書かれたプラカードを掲げ、中国北東部を占領した関東軍の当時の参謀長だった東條英機の名を記した紙を燃やす事件が起きている。抗議行動を行った中国人2名は警察に拘束された。

南京大虐殺の犠牲者数はいまだに大きく割れており、論争の的になっている。ロシア科学アカデミー極東支部日本調査センターのヴァレリー・キスタノフ所長はこれについて次のように語っている。

アルメニア北部のスピタク - Sputnik 日本
チェルノブイリ事故より恐ろしい 30年前、アルメニアで20世紀最大級の地震が起きた
「日本人は南京大虐殺の事実を否定していないが、犠牲者の死者数については意見があまりにも割れている。中国の科学者らは死者は30万人だったと主張している。これに対して日本側のあげる数値は3万人以下で、中国に比べてあまりに少ない。

ただし専門家らは問題は数値にはないとみなしている。殺戮された数が3万人以下だったとしても十分に多く、その上、殺戮対象は軍部にとどまらず、女性、高齢者、子どもと一般市民もこれに含まれていたというのがその理由だ。これらの犠牲者は火をかけられ、暴行され、生き埋めにされた。そのうえ、日本兵らには薬きょうを無駄にしないよう命令が出されていたため、殺戮は主に短剣や日本刀で行われたことは知られている。このため問題は殺された人の数ではなく、その犯罪の残忍度にある。」

© AFP 2021 / Peter ParksThis picture taken on May 20, 2012 shows visitors looking at bronze sculptures depicting victims of the Nanjing massacre at the Memorial Museum in Nanjing. The museum will mark the 75th anniversary of the massacre on December 13.
南京大虐殺の犠牲者を表した彫刻 南京市の 侵華日軍南京大屠殺遭難同胞紀念館 - Sputnik 日本
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This picture taken on May 20, 2012 shows visitors looking at bronze sculptures depicting victims of the Nanjing massacre at the Memorial Museum in Nanjing. The museum will mark the 75th anniversary of the massacre on December 13.
© AFP 2021 / StringerVisiting schoolchildren look at photos on display at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing on October 10, 2015. Japan on October 10 lashed out at UNESCO's decision to inscribe documents related to the Nanjing massacre in its Memory of the World register, describing it as "extremely regrettable" and calling for the process to be reformed.
こどもたちが南京大虐殺の写真資料を見ている 南京市の 侵華日軍南京大屠殺遭難同胞紀念館で - Sputnik 日本
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Visiting schoolchildren look at photos on display at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing on October 10, 2015. Japan on October 10 lashed out at UNESCO's decision to inscribe documents related to the Nanjing massacre in its Memory of the World register, describing it as "extremely regrettable" and calling for the process to be reformed.
© AFP 2021 / StringerThis picture taken on June 11, 2014 shows a girl reading the files of victims killed during the Nanjing massacre in Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing, east China's Jiangsu province. Japan lashed out at China for politicising a UN agency with a bid to register papers on its wartime sexual slavery and the Nanjing massacre in a global document trove. CHINA OUT AFP PHOTO (Photo by STR / AFP)
大虐殺で殺された市民の資料を読む少女 南京市の 侵華日軍南京大屠殺遭難同胞紀念館で - Sputnik 日本
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This picture taken on June 11, 2014 shows a girl reading the files of victims killed during the Nanjing massacre in Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing, east China's Jiangsu province. Japan lashed out at China for politicising a UN agency with a bid to register papers on its wartime sexual slavery and the Nanjing massacre in a global document trove. CHINA OUT AFP PHOTO (Photo by STR / AFP)
© AFP 2021A survivor cries during a memorial ceremony at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders ahead of China's National Memorial Day for Nanjing massacre victims in Nanjing city, east China's Jiangsu province on December 4, 2017. - China's National Memorial Day marks on December 13 the 80th anniversary of the 1937 Nanjing massacre by Japanese troops.
南京大虐殺で生き残った女性 南京大虐殺の追悼セレモニーで 侵華日軍南京大屠殺遭難同胞紀念館の前で - Sputnik 日本
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A survivor cries during a memorial ceremony at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders ahead of China's National Memorial Day for Nanjing massacre victims in Nanjing city, east China's Jiangsu province on December 4, 2017. - China's National Memorial Day marks on December 13 the 80th anniversary of the 1937 Nanjing massacre by Japanese troops.
© AFP 2021 / StringerPeople stand during a silent tribute to mark the annual national day of remembrance to commemorate the 81st anniversary of Nanjing massacre during a memorial ceremony at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in China's eastern Jiangsu province on December 13, 2018.
南京大虐殺から81年、犠牲者を追悼するセレモニー、中国 南京市 - Sputnik 日本
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People stand during a silent tribute to mark the annual national day of remembrance to commemorate the 81st anniversary of Nanjing massacre during a memorial ceremony at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in China's eastern Jiangsu province on December 13, 2018.
© AFP 2021 / StringerPeople's Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers participate in a memorial ceremony at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall on the annual national day of remembrance to commemorate the 81st anniversary of the massacre in Nanjing in China's eastern Jiangsu province on December 13, 2018.
南京大虐殺から81年、犠牲者を追悼するセレモニー、中国 南京市 - Sputnik 日本
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People's Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers participate in a memorial ceremony at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall on the annual national day of remembrance to commemorate the 81st anniversary of the massacre in Nanjing in China's eastern Jiangsu province on December 13, 2018.
© AP Photo / Alexander F. YuanIn this Feb. 11, 2014 photo, a visitor stands near sculptures at Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing, in eastern China's Jiangsu province. The Tokyo shrine and the memorial hall in Nanjing, as Nanking is now called, are physical embodiments of divergent views of history that still strain China-Japan relations, 70 years after the war. They complicate America's objective of maintaining peace and stability in the Pacific, as President Barack Obama starts a 4-country Asian tour in Japan this week. The implications are potentially serious, particularly over contested uninhabited islands called the Senkaku by Japan and Diaoyu by China.
南京にて、南京大虐殺の犠牲者のメモリアル - Sputnik 日本
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In this Feb. 11, 2014 photo, a visitor stands near sculptures at Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing, in eastern China's Jiangsu province. The Tokyo shrine and the memorial hall in Nanjing, as Nanking is now called, are physical embodiments of divergent views of history that still strain China-Japan relations, 70 years after the war. They complicate America's objective of maintaining peace and stability in the Pacific, as President Barack Obama starts a 4-country Asian tour in Japan this week. The implications are potentially serious, particularly over contested uninhabited islands called the Senkaku by Japan and Diaoyu by China.
© REUTERS / Stringer Pigeons fly above a Chinese flag fluttered at half-mast as people attend a memorial ceremony to mark the 81th anniversary of the 1937 Nanjing Massacre on the National Memorial Day in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China December 13, 2018.
南京大虐殺から81年、犠牲者を追悼するセレモニー、中国 南京市 - Sputnik 日本
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Pigeons fly above a Chinese flag fluttered at half-mast as people attend a memorial ceremony to mark the 81th anniversary of the 1937 Nanjing Massacre on the National Memorial Day in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China December 13, 2018.
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This picture taken on May 20, 2012 shows visitors looking at bronze sculptures depicting victims of the Nanjing massacre at the Memorial Museum in Nanjing. The museum will mark the 75th anniversary of the massacre on December 13.
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Visiting schoolchildren look at photos on display at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing on October 10, 2015. Japan on October 10 lashed out at UNESCO's decision to inscribe documents related to the Nanjing massacre in its Memory of the World register, describing it as "extremely regrettable" and calling for the process to be reformed.
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This picture taken on June 11, 2014 shows a girl reading the files of victims killed during the Nanjing massacre in Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing, east China's Jiangsu province. Japan lashed out at China for politicising a UN agency with a bid to register papers on its wartime sexual slavery and the Nanjing massacre in a global document trove. CHINA OUT AFP PHOTO (Photo by STR / AFP)
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A survivor cries during a memorial ceremony at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders ahead of China's National Memorial Day for Nanjing massacre victims in Nanjing city, east China's Jiangsu province on December 4, 2017. - China's National Memorial Day marks on December 13 the 80th anniversary of the 1937 Nanjing massacre by Japanese troops.
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People stand during a silent tribute to mark the annual national day of remembrance to commemorate the 81st anniversary of Nanjing massacre during a memorial ceremony at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in China's eastern Jiangsu province on December 13, 2018.
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People's Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers participate in a memorial ceremony at the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall on the annual national day of remembrance to commemorate the 81st anniversary of the massacre in Nanjing in China's eastern Jiangsu province on December 13, 2018.
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In this Feb. 11, 2014 photo, a visitor stands near sculptures at Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall in Nanjing, in eastern China's Jiangsu province. The Tokyo shrine and the memorial hall in Nanjing, as Nanking is now called, are physical embodiments of divergent views of history that still strain China-Japan relations, 70 years after the war. They complicate America's objective of maintaining peace and stability in the Pacific, as President Barack Obama starts a 4-country Asian tour in Japan this week. The implications are potentially serious, particularly over contested uninhabited islands called the Senkaku by Japan and Diaoyu by China.
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Pigeons fly above a Chinese flag fluttered at half-mast as people attend a memorial ceremony to mark the 81th anniversary of the 1937 Nanjing Massacre on the National Memorial Day in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China December 13, 2018.
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