環境学者:アジアとアフリカのチーターがまもなく絶滅の危機【写真】

アフリカ都アジアの一連の諸国に生息するチーターの数が70%から90%減少し、生息地域は地球全体で98%減った。そのため、チーターは向こう数年での絶滅の瀬戸際に立っている。科学誌『Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences』に掲載された論文でそのように述べられた。

チーターはアフリカとアジアの2種にわけられる。アフリカのチーターは餌を探すためたびたび長い距離を移動するが、アジアのチーターは普通、慣れたテリトリーから出ない。アジアのチーターはただペットとして、そしてイランでの国立公園にのみ保持されている。

© AFP 2022 / Christophe BeaudufeA cheetah is pictured on March 22, 2013 at the private game reserve of French Damien Vergnaud in Inverdoom, 200 kms north east of Cape Town. Vergnaud runs a breeding programme for cheetahs. At the beginning of the XXth century, an estimated 100.000 cheetahs were roaming freely in Africa and Asia to decrease to about 10.000 in the wild today.
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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A cheetah is pictured on March 22, 2013 at the private game reserve of French Damien Vergnaud in Inverdoom, 200 kms north east of Cape Town. Vergnaud runs a breeding programme for cheetahs. At the beginning of the XXth century, an estimated 100.000 cheetahs were roaming freely in Africa and Asia to decrease to about 10.000 in the wild today.
© AFP 2022 / Jens BuettnerA cheetah yawns at their outdoor enclosure at the zoo in Rostock, northeastern Germany, on June 15, 2015.
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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A cheetah yawns at their outdoor enclosure at the zoo in Rostock, northeastern Germany, on June 15, 2015.
© AFP 2022 / Mustafa OzefA cheetah looks straight into the camera, at the Lion Park in Johannesburg, during a visit of the Slovenian national football team on June 14, 2010 during the 2010 World Cup in South Africa.
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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A cheetah looks straight into the camera, at the Lion Park in Johannesburg, during a visit of the Slovenian national football team on June 14, 2010 during the 2010 World Cup in South Africa.
© AFP 2022 / Gianluigi GuerciaTwo captive cheetahs sit on a mound in an enclosure at the Cheetah Conservation Fund in Otjiwarongo, Namibia, on February 18, 2016.
The Cheetah Conservation Fund, an organization dedicated to saving the cheetah in the wild, was founded by Laurie Marker in 1990. Based on research, the CCF has created a set of integrated programs that together address the threats both to the animal and its entire ecosystem, including human populations. Some cheetahs have been kept by people as pets and cannot be released into the wild. / AFP PHOTO / GIANLUIGI GUERCIA
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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Two captive cheetahs sit on a mound in an enclosure at the Cheetah Conservation Fund in Otjiwarongo, Namibia, on February 18, 2016.
The Cheetah Conservation Fund, an organization dedicated to saving the cheetah in the wild, was founded by Laurie Marker in 1990. Based on research, the CCF has created a set of integrated programs that together address the threats both to the animal and its entire ecosystem, including human populations. Some cheetahs have been kept by people as pets and cannot be released into the wild. / AFP PHOTO / GIANLUIGI GUERCIA
© Fotolia / MrisvSleeping cheetah.
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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Sleeping cheetah.
© Fotolia / MrisvThreatening cheetah.
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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Threatening cheetah.
© AFP 2022 / Jean-Christophe VerhaegenTwo cheetahs wash themselves at the Amneville zoo, eastern France.
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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Two cheetahs wash themselves at the Amneville zoo, eastern France.
© AP Photo / Vahid SalemiIn this Monday, May 26, 2014 photo, 7-year-old male Asiatic Cheetah, named 'Koushki,' crouches at the Miandasht Wildlife Refuge in Jajarm, northeastern Iran. Iran is conducting a campaign to rescue the Asiatic Cheetah which has disappeared across south and central asia except fewer than 100 remaining in Iran.
絶滅の危機にあるチーター - Sputnik 日本
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In this Monday, May 26, 2014 photo, 7-year-old male Asiatic Cheetah, named 'Koushki,' crouches at the Miandasht Wildlife Refuge in Jajarm, northeastern Iran. Iran is conducting a campaign to rescue the Asiatic Cheetah which has disappeared across south and central asia except fewer than 100 remaining in Iran.
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A cheetah is pictured on March 22, 2013 at the private game reserve of French Damien Vergnaud in Inverdoom, 200 kms north east of Cape Town. Vergnaud runs a breeding programme for cheetahs. At the beginning of the XXth century, an estimated 100.000 cheetahs were roaming freely in Africa and Asia to decrease to about 10.000 in the wild today.
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A cheetah yawns at their outdoor enclosure at the zoo in Rostock, northeastern Germany, on June 15, 2015.
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A cheetah looks straight into the camera, at the Lion Park in Johannesburg, during a visit of the Slovenian national football team on June 14, 2010 during the 2010 World Cup in South Africa.
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Two captive cheetahs sit on a mound in an enclosure at the Cheetah Conservation Fund in Otjiwarongo, Namibia, on February 18, 2016.
The Cheetah Conservation Fund, an organization dedicated to saving the cheetah in the wild, was founded by Laurie Marker in 1990. Based on research, the CCF has created a set of integrated programs that together address the threats both to the animal and its entire ecosystem, including human populations. Some cheetahs have been kept by people as pets and cannot be released into the wild. / AFP PHOTO / GIANLUIGI GUERCIA
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Sleeping cheetah.
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Threatening cheetah.
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Two cheetahs wash themselves at the Amneville zoo, eastern France.
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In this Monday, May 26, 2014 photo, 7-year-old male Asiatic Cheetah, named 'Koushki,' crouches at the Miandasht Wildlife Refuge in Jajarm, northeastern Iran. Iran is conducting a campaign to rescue the Asiatic Cheetah which has disappeared across south and central asia except fewer than 100 remaining in Iran.

今日、チーター全種の総数はわずか7000頭で、うち多くはアフリカに生息。生息地の総面積は今日、元の土地の9%に過ぎず、もしチーターが生息する諸国の政府が手を打たなければ、チーターは間もなく絶滅するおそれがある。

アジアのチーターを何より脅かしているのは、彼らの伝統的なテリトリーを人間が絶え間なく侵すこと。

情勢は、広範囲を移動するチーターの生息地の77%が、国立公園や保護区の圏外にあることで悪化している。もし状況が今日のように続くと、チーターの生息数は下がり続け、絶滅の恐れすらある。

先に伝えられたところによると、この半世紀で世界の野生動物の数はほぼ3分の2に減少した

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